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Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography

Treaty Type:  Multilateral


Place Of Signature:  New York

Date Of Signature:  25-May-2000

Publication Records

  • Miscellaneous Series 009/2008: Cm7490
  • PRO (now TNA) 949/1078/0: 0

Participant Status

CountryAction Action DateEffective Date
AFGHANISTAN Acceptance 19-Sep-2002 19-Oct-2002
ALBANIA Accession 05-Feb-2008 05-Mar-2008
ALGERIA Accession 27-Dec-2006 27-Jan-2007
ANDORRA Signature 07-Sep-2000
ANDORRA Ratification 30-Apr-2001
ANGOLA Accession 24-Mar-2005 24-Apr-2005
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA Signature 18-Dec-2001
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA Ratification 30-Apr-2002 30-May-2002
ARGENTINA Signature 01-Apr-2002
ARGENTINA Ratification 25-Sep-2003 25-Oct-2003
ARMENIA Signature 24-Sep-2003 01-Jan-1900
ARMENIA Ratification 30-Jun-2005 30-Jul-2005
Aruba Extension 17-Oct-2006
AUSTRALIA Signature 18-Dec-2001
AUSTRALIA Ratification 08-Jan-2007 08-Feb-2007
AUSTRIA Ratification 06-May-2004 06-May-2004
AZERBAIJAN Signature 08-Sep-2000
AZERBAIJAN Ratification 03-Jul-2002 03-Aug-2002
BAHAMAS Accession 28-Sep-2015 28-Oct-2015
BAHRAIN Accession 21-Sep-2004 21-Oct-2004
BANGLADESH Signature 06-Sep-2000
BANGLADESH Ratification 06-Sep-2000
BELARUS Accession 23-Jan-2002 23-Mar-2002
BELGIUM Signature 06-Sep-2000
BELGIUM Ratification 17-Mar-2006 17-Apr-2006
BELGIUM Declaration 17-Mar-2006 17-Apr-2006
BELIZE Signature 06-Sep-2000
BELIZE Ratification 01-Dec-2003
BENIN Signature 22-Feb-2001
BENIN Ratification 31-Jan-2005 28-Feb-2005
BHUTAN Signature 15-Sep-2005
BHUTAN Ratification 26-Oct-2009 26-Nov-2009
BOLIVIA Signature 10-Nov-2001
BOLIVIA Ratification 03-Jun-2003 03-Jul-2003
Bonaire Extension 11-Oct-2010 10-Oct-2010
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA Signature 07-Sep-2000
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA Ratification 04-Sep-2002 04-Oct-2002
BOTSWANA Accession 24-Sep-2003 24-Oct-2003
BRAZIL Signature 06-Sep-2000
BRAZIL Ratification 27-Jan-2004 27-Feb-2004
BRUNEI DARUSSALAM Accession 21-Nov-2006 21-Dec-2006
BULGARIA Signature 08-Jun-2001
BULGARIA Ratification 12-Feb-2002 12-Mar-2002
BURKINA FASO Signature 16-Nov-2001
BURKINA FASO Ratification 31-Mar-2006 30-Apr-2006
BURUNDI Accession 06-Nov-2007 06-Dec-2007
CAMBODIA Signature 27-Jun-2000
CAMBODIA Ratification 30-May-2002 30-Jun-2002
CAMEROON Signature 05-Oct-2001
CANADA Signature 10-Nov-2001
CANADA Ratification 14-Sep-2005 14-Oct-2005
CAPE VERDE Accession 10-May-2002 10-Jun-2002
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC Ratification 24-Oct-2012 24-Nov-2012
CHAD Ratification 28-Aug-2002 28-Sep-2002
CHILE Signature 25-May-2000
CHILE Ratification 06-Feb-2003 06-Mar-2003
CHINA P R Signature 06-Sep-2000
CHINA P R Communication 17-Sep-2002
CHINA P R Communication 03-Dec-2002
CHINA P R Ratification 03-Dec-2002 03-Jan-2003
COLOMBIA Signature 06-Sep-2000
COLOMBIA Ratification 11-Nov-2003 11-Dec-2003
COMOROS Accession 23-Feb-2007
CONGO Accession 11-Nov-2001
CONGO, REPUBLIC OF Accession 27-Oct-2009 27-Nov-2009
COSTA RICA Signature 07-Sep-2000
COSTA RICA Ratification 09-Apr-2002 09-May-2002
COTE DIVOIRE Accession 19-Sep-2011 19-Oct-2011
CROATIA Signature 08-May-2002
CROATIA Ratification 13-May-2002 13-Jun-2002
CUBA Signature 13-Oct-2000
CUBA Ratification 25-Sep-2001
CYPRUS Signature 08-Feb-2001
CYPRUS Objection 12-Aug-2003 01-Jan-1900
CYPRUS Ratification 06-Apr-2006
CZECH REPUBLIC Signature 26-Jan-2005 01-Jan-1900
CZECH REPUBLIC Accession 26-Aug-2013
CZECH REPUBLIC Ratification 26-Aug-2013 26-Sep-2013
DENMARK Signature 07-Sep-2000
DENMARK Ratification 24-Jul-2003 01-Jan-1900
DENMARK Declaration 24-Jul-2003 01-Jan-1900
DJIBOUTI Signature 14-Jun-2006
DJIBOUTI Ratification 27-Apr-2011 27-May-2011
DOMINICA, COMMONWEALTH OF Accession 20-Sep-2002 20-Oct-2002
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC Accession 06-Dec-2006
ECUADOR Signature 06-Sep-2000
EGYPT Accession 12-Jul-2002 12-Aug-2002
EL SALVADOR Signature 13-Sep-2002
EL SALVADOR Ratification 17-May-2004 17-Jun-2004
EQUATORIAL GUINEA Accession 07-Feb-2003 07-Jan-2003
ERITREA Accession 16-Feb-2005 16-Mar-2005
ESTONIA Signature 24-Sep-2003 01-Jan-1900
ESTONIA Ratification 03-Aug-2004 03-Sep-2004
ETHIOPIA Accession 25-Mar-2014 25-Apr-2014
FIJI Signature 16-Sep-2005
FINLAND Signature 07-Sep-2000
FINLAND Ratification 01-Jun-2012 01-Jul-2012
FRANCE Signature 06-Sep-2000
FRANCE Objection 18-Jun-2002
FRANCE Ratification 05-Feb-2003 05-Mar-2003
FRANCE Objection 18-Nov-2005
GABON Signature 08-Sep-2000
GABON Ratification 01-Oct-2007 01-Nov-2007
GAMBIA THE Signature 21-Dec-2000
GAMBIA THE Ratification 08-Apr-2010 08-May-2010
GEORGIA Accession 28-Jun-2005 28-Jul-2005
GERMANY Signature 06-Sep-2000
GERMANY Objection 21-Mar-2002
GERMANY Ratification 15-Jul-2009 15-Aug-2009
GHANA Signature 24-Sep-2003 01-Jan-1900
GREECE Signature 07-Sep-2000
GREECE Ratification 22-Feb-2008 22-Mar-2008
GRENADA Accession 06-Feb-2012 06-Mar-2012
GUATEMALA Signature 07-Sep-2000
GUATEMALA Ratification 09-May-2002
GUINEA Accession 16-Nov-2011 16-Dec-2011
GUINEA BISSAU Signature 08-Sep-2000
GUINEA BISSAU Ratification 01-Nov-2010 01-Dec-2010
GUYANA Accession 30-Jul-2010 30-Aug-2010
HAITI Signature 15-Aug-2002
HOLY SEE Signature 10-Oct-2000
HOLY SEE Ratification 24-Oct-2001 18-Jan-2002
HONDURAS Accession 08-May-2002 08-Jun-2002
HUNGARY Signature 11-Mar-2002
HUNGARY Objection 24-Feb-2010
HUNGARY Ratification 24-Feb-2010 24-Feb-2010
ICELAND Accession 07-Sep-2000
ICELAND Ratification 09-Jul-2001
INDIA Signature 15-Nov-2004 01-Jan-1900
INDIA Ratification 16-Aug-2005 16-Sep-2005
INDONESIA Signature 24-Sep-2001
INDONESIA Ratification 24-Sep-2012 24-Oct-2012
IRAN Accession 26-Sep-2007 26-Oct-2007
IRAQ Accession 24-Jun-2008 24-Jul-2008
IRELAND, REPUBLIC OF Signature 07-Sep-2000
ISRAEL Signature 14-Nov-2001
ISRAEL Objection 30-Sep-2003 01-Jan-1900
ISRAEL Ratification 23-Jul-2008 23-Aug-2008
ISRAEL Objection 23-Jul-2008
ITALY Signature 06-Sep-2000
ITALY Ratification 09-May-2002 09-Jun-2002
JAMAICA Signature 08-Sep-2000
JAMAICA Ratification 26-Aug-2011 26-Sep-2011
JAPAN Signature 10-May-2002
JAPAN Ratification 24-Jan-2005 24-Feb-2005
Jersey, Bailiwick of Extension 29-Apr-2014
JORDAN Signature 06-Sep-2000
JORDAN Ratification 04-Dec-2006 04-Jan-2007
KAZAKHSTAN Signature 06-Sep-2000
KAZAKHSTAN Ratification 24-Aug-2001
KENYA Signature 08-Sep-2000
KOREA DEMOCRATIC PEOPLES REPUBLIC OF Ratification 10-Nov-2014 10-Dec-2014
KOREA REPUBLIC OF Signature 06-Sep-2000
KOREA REPUBLIC OF Ratification 24-Sep-2004
KUWAIT Accession 26-Aug-2004 26-Sep-2004
KUWAIT Reservation 26-Aug-2004 01-Jan-1900
KYRGYZSTAN Accession 12-Feb-2003 12-Mar-2003
LAO PEOPLES DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC Accession 20-Sep-2006 20-Oct-2006
LAO PEOPLES DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC Reservation 20-Sep-2006 20-Oct-2006
LATVIA Signature 01-Feb-2002
LATVIA Ratification 22-Feb-2006 22-Mar-2006
LEBANON Signature 10-Nov-2001
LEBANON Ratification 08-Nov-2004 08-Dec-2004
LESOTHO Signature 06-Sep-2000
LESOTHO Ratification 24-Sep-2003 24-Oct-2003
LIBERIA Accession 18-Jun-2004 18-Jul-2004
LIBERIA Signature 22-Sep-2004 01-Jan-1900
LIECHTENSTEIN Signature 08-Sep-2000
LIECHTENSTEIN Ratification 30-Jan-2013 28-Feb-2013
LITHUANIA Accession 05-Aug-2004 05-Sep-2004
LUXEMBOURG Signature 08-Sep-2000
LUXEMBOURG Ratification 02-Sep-2011 02-Oct-2011
MACEDONIA THE FYR OF Signature 17-Jul-2001 01-Jan-1900
MACEDONIA THE FYR OF Ratification 17-Oct-2003 17-Nov-2003
MADAGASCAR Signature 22-Sep-2004 22-Oct-2004
MALAWI Signature 07-Sep-2000
MALAWI Ratification 07-Oct-2009 07-Nov-2009
MALAYSIA Accession 12-Apr-2012 12-May-2012
MALAYSIA Declaration 12-Apr-2012 12-May-2012
MALDIVES Signature 10-May-2002
MALDIVES Ratification 10-May-2002 10-Jun-2002
MALI Accession 16-May-2002 16-Jun-2002
MALTA Signature 07-Sep-2000
MALTA Ratification 28-Sep-2010 28-Oct-2010
MAURITANIA Accession 23-Apr-2007 23-May-2007
MAURITIUS Signature 11-Nov-2001
MAURITIUS Ratification 14-Jun-2011 14-Jul-2011
MEXICO Signature 07-Sep-2000
MEXICO Ratification 15-Mar-2002
MICRONESIA Signature 08-May-2002
MICRONESIA Ratification 23-Apr-2012 23-May-2012
MOLDOVA REPUBLIC OF Signature 08-Feb-2002
MOLDOVA REPUBLIC OF Ratification 12-Apr-2007 12-May-2007
MOLDOVA REPUBLIC OF Declaration 12-Apr-2007 12-May-2007
MONACO Signature 26-Jun-2000
MONGOLIA Signature 12-Nov-2001
MONGOLIA Ratification 27-Jun-2003 27-Jul-2003
MONTENEGRO Succession 23-Oct-2006 03-Jun-2006
MOROCCO Signature 08-Sep-2000
MOROCCO Ratification 02-Oct-2001
MOZAMBIQUE Accession 06-Mar-2003
MYANMAR Accession 16-Jan-2012 16-Feb-2012
NAMIBIA Signature 08-Sep-2000
NAMIBIA Ratification 16-Apr-2002 16-May-2002
NAURU Signature 08-Sep-2000
NEPAL Signature 08-Sep-2000
NEPAL Ratification 20-Jan-2006 20-Feb-2006
NETHERLANDS THE Signature 07-Sep-2000
NETHERLANDS THE Communication 07-Apr-2003
NETHERLANDS THE Ratification 23-Aug-2005 23-Sep-2005
NETHERLANDS THE Application 17-Oct-2006
NETHERLANDS THE Extension 11-Oct-2010 10-Oct-2010
NEW ZEALAND Signature 07-Sep-2000
NEW ZEALAND Notification 20-Sep-2011 20-Sep-2011
NEW ZEALAND Ratification 20-Sep-2011 20-Oct-2011
NICARAGUA Accession 02-Dec-2004 02-Jan-2005
NIGER Signature 27-Mar-2002
NIGER Ratification 26-Oct-2004 26-Nov-2004
NIGERIA Signature 08-Sep-2000
NIGERIA Ratification 27-Sep-2010 27-Oct-2010
NORWAY Signature 13-Jun-2000
NORWAY Ratification 02-Oct-2001
NORWAY Objection 19-Jan-2006
PAKISTAN Signature 26-Sep-2001
PAKISTAN Ratification 05-Jul-2011 05-Aug-2011
PANAMA Signature 31-Oct-2000
PANAMA Ratification 09-Feb-2001
PARAGUAY Signature 13-Sep-2000
PARAGUAY Ratification 18-Aug-2003 18-Sep-2003
PERU Signature 01-Nov-2000
PERU Ratification 08-May-2002 08-Jun-2002
PHILIPPINES Signature 08-Sep-2000
PHILIPPINES Ratification 28-May-2003 28-Jun-2003
POLAND Signature 13-Feb-2002
POLAND Ratification 04-Feb-2005 04-Mar-2005
PORTUGAL Signature 06-Sep-2000
PORTUGAL Ratification 16-May-2003 16-Jun-2003
QATAR Accession 14-Dec-2001
QATAR Reservation 14-Dec-2001
QATAR Withdrawal Res. 18-Jun-2008 18-Jun-2008
ROMANIA Signature 06-Sep-2000
ROMANIA Ratification 18-Oct-2001
RUSSIAN FEDERATION Ratification 24-Sep-2013 24-Oct-2013
RWANDA Accession 14-Mar-2002 14-Apr-2002
Saba Extension 11-Oct-2010 10-Oct-2010
SAN MARINO Signature 05-Jun-2000
SAN MARINO Ratification 26-Sep-2011 26-Oct-2011
SAUDI ARABIA Accession 18-Aug-2010 18-Sep-2010
SENEGAL Signature 08-Sep-2000
SENEGAL Ratification 05-Nov-2003 05-Dec-2003
SERBIA Signature 08-Oct-2002
SERBIA Ratification 10-Oct-2002
SEYCHELLES Signature 23-Jan-2001
SEYCHELLES Ratification 11-Dec-2012 11-Jan-2013
SIERRA LEONE Signature 08-Sep-2000
SIERRA LEONE Ratification 17-Sep-2001
Sint Eustatius Extension 11-Oct-2010 10-Oct-2010
SLOVAK REPUBLIC Signature 30-Nov-2001
SLOVAK REPUBLIC Ratification 25-Jun-2004 25-Jul-2004
SLOVENIA Signature 08-Sep-2000
SLOVENIA Ratification 23-Sep-2004 23-Oct-2004
SOLOMON ISLANDS Signature 24-Sep-2009
SOUTH AFRICA Accession 30-Jun-2003 30-Jul-2003
SPAIN Signature 06-Sep-2000
SPAIN Ratification 18-Dec-2001 18-Jan-2002
SPAIN Objection 10-Sep-2002
SRI LANKA Signature 08-May-2002
SRI LANKA Ratification 22-Sep-2006 22-Oct-2006
ST LUCIA Signature 22-Sep-2011
ST LUCIA Ratification 08-Oct-2013 08-Nov-2013
ST VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES Accession 15-Sep-2005 15-Oct-2005
SUDAN Accession 02-Nov-2004 02-Dec-2004
SURINAME Signature 10-May-2002
SURINAME Ratification 18-May-2012 18-Jun-2012
SWAZILAND Accession 24-Sep-2012 24-Oct-2012
SWEDEN Signature 08-Sep-2000
SWEDEN Declaration 08-Sep-2000
SWEDEN Objection 27-Nov-2002
SWEDEN Objection 11-Jul-2003 01-Jan-1900
SWEDEN Ratification 19-Jan-2007 19-Feb-2007
SWEDEN Declaration 19-Jan-2007 19-Feb-2007
SWITZERLAND Signature 07-Sep-2000
SWITZERLAND Ratification 19-Sep-2006 19-Oct-2006
SYRIA Accession 15-May-2003 15-Jun-2003
SYRIA Reservation 15-May-2003 15-Jun-2003
TAJIKISTAN Accession 05-Aug-2002 05-Sep-2002
TANZANIA Accession 24-Apr-2003
THAILAND Accession 11-Jan-2006 11-Feb-2006
TIMOR-LESTE Accession 16-Apr-2003 16-May-2003
TOGO Signature 15-Nov-2001
TOGO Ratification 02-Jul-2004 02-Aug-2004
TUNISIA Signature 22-Apr-2002
TUNISIA Ratification 13-Sep-2002 13-Oct-2002
TURKEY Signature 08-Sep-2000
TURKEY Ratification 19-Aug-2002 19-Sep-2002
TURKMENISTAN Accession 28-Mar-2005 28-Apr-2005
UGANDA Accession 30-Nov-2001 18-Jan-2002
UKRAINE Signature 07-Sep-2000
UKRAINE Ratification 03-Jul-2003 03-Aug-2003
UNITED KINGDOM Signature 07-Sep-2000
UNITED KINGDOM Ratification 20-Feb-2009 20-Mar-2009
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Signature 05-Jul-2000
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Ratification 23-Dec-2002 23-Jan-2003
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Reservation 23-Dec-2002
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Understanding 23-Dec-2002
URUGUAY Signature 07-Sep-2000
URUGUAY Ratification 03-Jul-2003 03-Aug-2003
UZBEKISTAN Accession 23-Dec-2008
VANUATU Signature 16-Sep-2005
VANUATU Ratification 17-May-2007 17-May-2007
VENEZUELA Signature 07-Sep-2000
VENEZUELA Ratification 08-May-2002 08-Jun-2002
VIETNAM Signature 08-Sep-2000
VIETNAM Ratification 20-Dec-2001
VIETNAM Withdrawal Res. 26-Mar-2009
YEMEN Accession 15-Dec-2004 15-Jan-2005
YUGOSLAVIA Signature 08-Oct-2001
YUGOSLAVIA Ratification 10-Oct-2002 10-Nov-2002
ZAMBIA Signature 29-Sep-2008 29-Sep-2008
ZIMBABWE Accession 14-Feb-2012 14-Mar-2012

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