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The information provided on this database is for guidance only. Whilst the FCO Treaty Section takes care to obtain its information from reliable sources, the accuracy of database records cannot be guaranteed. The FCO will not be liable for any loss or damage resulting from any reliance placed on this information.
Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the Abolition of the Death Penalty

Treaty Type:  Multilateral

Depository:  United Nations

Place Of Signature:  New York

Publication Records

  • PRO (now TNA) FO 949/1037/0: 0
  • Miscellaneous Series 025/1999: Cm4375

Participant Status

CountryAction Action DateEffective Date
ALBANIA Accession 17-Oct-2007 17-Jan-2008
ANDORRA Signature 05-Aug-2002
ANDORRA Ratification 22-Sep-2006 22-Dec-2006
ANGOLA Signature 24-Sep-2013
ARGENTINA Signature 20-Dec-2006
ARGENTINA Ratification 02-Sep-2008 02-Dec-2008
AUSTRALIA Accession 02-Oct-1990
AUSTRIA Signature 08-Apr-1991
AUSTRIA Ratification 02-Mar-1993 02-Jun-1993
AZERBAIJAN Accession 22-Jan-1999 22-Apr-1999
AZERBAIJAN Reservation 22-Jan-1999
AZERBAIJAN Reservation 28-Sep-2000
AZERBAIJAN Acceptance 05-Oct-2001
BELGIUM Signature 12-Jul-1990
BELGIUM Ratification 08-Dec-1998 08-Mar-1999
BENIN Accession 05-Jul-2012 05-Oct-2012
BOLIVIA Accession 12-Jul-2013 12-Oct-2013
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA Signature 07-Sep-2000
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA Ratification 16-Mar-2001 16-Jun-2001
BRAZIL Accession 25-Sep-2009 25-Dec-2009
BRAZIL Reservation 25-Sep-2009
BULGARIA Signature 11-Mar-1999
BULGARIA Ratification 10-Aug-1999 10-Nov-1999
CANADA Accession 25-Nov-2005 25-Feb-2006
CAPE VERDE Accession 19-May-2000 19-Aug-2000
CHILE Signature 15-Nov-2001
CHILE Ratification 26-Sep-2008 26-Dec-2008
CHILE Reservation 26-Sep-2008 26-Dec-2008
COLOMBIA Accession 05-Aug-1997 05-Nov-1997
COSTA RICA Signature 14-Feb-1990
COSTA RICA Ratification 05-Jun-1998 05-Sep-1998
CROATIA Accession 12-Oct-1995 12-Jan-1996
CYPRUS Accession 10-Sep-1999 10-Dec-1999
CYPRUS Reservation 10-Sep-1999
CYPRUS Withdrawal Res. 20-Jun-2003
CZECH REPUBLIC Accession 15-Jun-2004 01-Jan-1900
DENMARK Signature 13-Feb-1990
DENMARK Ratification 24-Feb-1994 24-May-1994
DJIBOUTI Accession 05-Nov-2002 05-Feb-2003
ECUADOR Accession 23-Feb-1993 23-May-1993
EL SALVADOR Accession 08-Apr-2014 08-Jul-2014
ESTONIA Accession 30-Mar-2004 30-Apr-2004
FINLAND Signature 13-Feb-1990
FINLAND Ratification 04-Apr-1991
FINLAND Communication 17-Mar-2000
FINLAND Objection 27-Sep-2010
FRANCE Objection 08-Feb-2000
FRANCE Accession 02-Oct-2007 02-Jan-2008
FRANCE Objection 06-Apr-2015
GEORGIA Accession 22-Mar-1999 22-Jun-1999
GERMANY FEDERAL REPUBLIC Ratification 18-Aug-1992
GERMANY FEDERAL REPUBLIC Communication 03-Mar-2000
GREECE Accession 05-May-1997 05-Aug-1997
GREECE Reservation 05-May-1997
Guernsey Extension 10-Dec-1999
GUINEA BISSAU Signature 12-Sep-2000
GUINEA BISSAU Ratification 24-Sep-2013 24-Dec-2013
HONDURAS Signature 10-May-1990
HONDURAS Ratification 01-Apr-2008 01-Jul-2008
HUNGARY Accession 24-Feb-1994 25-May-1994
ICELAND Signature 30-Jan-1991
ICELAND Ratification 07-Apr-1991
IRELAND, REPUBLIC OF Accession 18-Jun-1993 18-Sep-1993
Isle Of Man Extension 10-Dec-1999
ITALY Signature 13-Feb-1990
ITALY Ratification 14-Feb-1995 14-May-1995
Jersey Extension 10-Dec-1999
KAZAKHSTAN Accession 06-Dec-2010 06-Mar-2011
LIBERIA Accession 16-Sep-2005 16-Dec-2005
LIECHTENSTEIN Accession 10-Dec-1998 10-Mar-1999
LITHUANIA Signature 08-Sep-2000
LITHUANIA Ratification 27-Mar-2002 27-Jun-2002
LUXEMBOURG Signature 13-Feb-1990
LUXEMBOURG Ratification 12-Feb-1992 12-May-1992
MACEDONIA THE FYR OF Accession 26-Jan-1995 26-Apr-1995
MADAGASCAR Signature 24-Sep-2012
MALTA Accession 29-Dec-1994 29-Mar-1995
MALTA Reservation 29-Dec-1994
MALTA Withdrawal Res. 15-Jun-2000
MEXICO Accession 26-Sep-2007 26-Dec-2007
MOLDOVA REPUBLIC OF Accession 20-Sep-2006 20-Dec-2006
MOLDOVA REPUBLIC OF Declaration 20-Sep-2006
MONACO Accession 28-Mar-2000 28-Jun-2000
MONGOLIA Accession 13-Mar-2012 13-Jun-2012
MONTENEGRO Succession 23-Oct-2006 03-Jun-2006
MOZAMBIQUE Accession 21-Jul-1993 21-Oct-1993
NAMIBIA Accession 28-Nov-1994 28-Feb-1995
NETHERLANDS THE Signature 09-Aug-1990
NETHERLANDS THE Ratification 26-Mar-1991
NETHERLANDS THE Communication 17-Jul-2000
NEW ZEALAND Signature 22-Feb-1990
NEW ZEALAND Ratification 22-Feb-1990
NICARAGUA Signature 21-Feb-1990
NICARAGUA Ratification 25-Feb-2009 25-May-2009
NORWAY Signature 13-Feb-1990
NORWAY Ratification 05-Sep-1991 05-Dec-1991
PANAMA Accession 21-Jan-1993 21-Apr-1993
PARAGUAY Accession 18-Aug-2003 18-Nov-2003
PHILIPPINES Signature 20-Sep-2006
PHILIPPINES Ratification 20-Nov-2007 20-Feb-2008
POLAND Signature 21-Mar-2000
PORTUGAL Signature 13-Feb-1990
PORTUGAL Ratification 17-Oct-1990
ROMANIA Signature 15-Mar-1990
ROMANIA Ratification 27-Feb-1991
RWANDA Accession 15-Dec-2008 15-Mar-2009
SAN MARINO Signature 26-Sep-2003 01-Jan-1900
SAN MARINO Ratification 17-Aug-2004 17-Nov-2004
SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE Signature 06-Sep-2000
SEYCHELLES Accession 15-Dec-1994 15-Mar-1995
SLOVAK REPUBLIC Signature 22-Sep-1998
SLOVAK REPUBLIC Ratification 22-Jun-1999 22-Sep-1999
SLOVENIA Signature 14-Sep-1993
SLOVENIA Ratification 10-Mar-1994 10-Jun-1994
SOUTH AFRICA Accession 28-Aug-2002 28-Nov-2002
SPAIN Signature 23-Feb-1990
SPAIN Ratification 11-Apr-1991
SPAIN Reservation 11-Apr-1991
SPAIN Withdrawal Res. 13-Jan-1998
SWEDEN Signature 13-Feb-1990
SWEDEN Ratification 11-May-1990
SWEDEN Communication 27-Apr-2000
SWEDEN Objection 25-Aug-2014
SWITZERLAND Accession 16-Jun-1994 16-Sep-1994
TIMOR-LESTE Accession 18-Sep-2003 18-Dec-2003
TURKEY Ratification 02-Mar-2006 02-Jun-2006
TURKMENISTAN Accession 11-Jan-2000 11-Apr-2000
UKRAINE Accession 25-Jul-2007 25-Oct-2007
UNITED KINGDOM Signature 31-Mar-1998
UNITED KINGDOM Ratification 10-Dec-1999 10-Mar-2000
UNITED KINGDOM Extension 10-Dec-1999
URUGUAY Signature 13-Feb-1990
URUGUAY Ratification 21-Jan-1993 21-Apr-1993
UZBEKISTAN Accession 23-Dec-2008 23-Mar-2009
VENEZUELA Signature 07-Jun-1990
VENEZUELA Ratification 22-Feb-1993 22-May-1993
YUGOSLAVIA, FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF Accession 06-Sep-2001 06-Sep-2001

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