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The information provided on this database is for guidance only. Whilst the FCO Treaty Section takes care to obtain its information from reliable sources, the accuracy of database records cannot be guaranteed. The FCO will not be liable for any loss or damage resulting from any reliance placed on this information.
Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

Treaty Type:  Multilateral


Place Of Signature:  New York

Date Of Signature:  19-Dec-1966

Publication Records

  • PRO (now TNA) FO 93/1/802B/0: 0
  • UN Registration Ex off/0: 999171
  • Miscellaneous Series 004/1967: Cmnd3220

Participant Status

CountryAction Action DateEffective Date
ALGERIA Accession 12-Sep-1989 12-Dec-1989
ANDORRA Signature 05-Aug-2002
ANDORRA Ratification 22-Sep-2006 22-Dec-2006
ANGOLA Accession 10-Jan-1992 10-Apr-1992
Antilles Extension 11-Mar-1979
ARGENTINA Accession 08-Aug-1986 08-Nov-1986
ARMENIA Accession 23-Jun-1993 23-Sep-1993
Aruba Application 01-Jan-1986
AUSTRALIA Accession 25-Sep-1991 25-Dec-1991
AZERBAIJAN Accession 27-Nov-2001
BARBADOS Accession 05-Jan-1973
BELARUS Accession 30-Sep-1992 30-Dec-1992
BELGIUM Accession 17-May-1994 17-Aug-1994
BENIN Accession 12-Mar-1992 12-Jun-1992
BOLIVIA Accession 12-Aug-1982 12-Nov-1982
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA Signature 01-Mar-1995
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA Ratification 01-Mar-1995
BRAZIL Accession 25-Sep-2009 25-Dec-2009
BULGARIA Objection 01-Jan-1970
BULGARIA Accession 26-Mar-1992 26-Jun-1992
BURKINA FASO Accession 04-Jan-1999 04-Apr-1999
CAMBODIA Denunciation 27-Sep-2004 01-Jan-1900
CAMEROON Accession 27-Jun-1984 27-Sep-1984
CANADA Accession 19-May-1976 19-Aug-1976
CAPE VERDE Accession 19-May-2000 19-Aug-2000
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC Accession 08-May-1981 08-Aug-1981
CHAD Accession 09-Jun-1995 09-Sep-1995
CHILE Declaration 31-Jan-1991
CHILE Accession 27-May-1992 27-Aug-1992
CHINA Signature 05-Oct-1967
CHINA Statement 01-Jan-1970
CONGO Accession 05-Oct-1983 05-Jan-1984
COSTA RICA Signature 19-Dec-1966
COSTA RICA Ratification 29-Nov-1968
COTE DIVOIRE Accession 05-Mar-1997 05-Jun-1997
CYPRUS Signature 19-Dec-1966
CYPRUS Ratification 15-Apr-1992 15-Jul-1992
CZECH REPUBLIC Succession 22-Feb-1993 01-Jan-1993
CZECH REPUBLIC Declaration 22-Feb-1993
CZECHOSLOVAKIA Accession 12-Mar-1991 12-Jun-1991
DENMARK Signature 20-Mar-1968
DENMARK Ratification 06-Jan-1972
DENMARK Reservation 06-Jan-1972
DENMARK Objection 06-Aug-1999
DJIBOUTI Accession 05-Nov-2002 05-Feb-2003
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC Accession 04-Jan-1978 04-Apr-1978
EL SALVADOR Signature 21-Sep-1967
EL SALVADOR Ratification 06-Jun-1995 06-Sep-1995
EL SALVADOR Declaration 06-Jun-1995
EQUATORIAL GUINEA Accession 25-Sep-1987 25-Dec-1987
ESTONIA Accession 21-Oct-1991 21-Jan-1992
FINLAND Signature 11-Dec-1967
FINLAND Ratification 19-Aug-1975
FINLAND Communication 17-Mar-2000
FRANCE Accession 17-Feb-1984 17-May-1984
FRANCE Declaration 17-Feb-1984
FRANCE Reservation 17-Feb-1984
FRANCE Statement 17-May-1984
FRANCE Objection 28-Jan-2000
GAMBIA THE Accession 09-Jun-1988 09-Sep-1988
GEORGIA Accession 03-May-1994 03-Aug-1994
GERMANY Accession 25-Aug-1993 25-Nov-1993
GERMANY Reservation 25-Aug-1993
GERMANY Communication 13-Aug-1999
GERMANY Objection 26-Aug-1999
GHANA Signature 07-Sep-2000
GHANA Ratification 07-Sep-2000 07-Dec-2000
GREECE Accession 05-May-1997 05-Aug-1997
GUATEMALA Accession 28-Nov-2000 28-Feb-2001
GUATEMALA Declaration 28-Nov-2000
GUATEMALA Notification 20-May-2009
GUATEMALA Notification 20-May-2009
GUINEA Signature 19-Mar-1975
GUINEA Ratification 17-Jun-1993 17-Sep-1993
GUINEA BISSAU Signature 12-Sep-2000
GUINEA BISSAU Ratification 24-Sep-2013 24-Dec-2013
GUYANA Accession 10-May-1993 10-Aug-1993
GUYANA Re-Accession 05-Jan-1999
GUYANA Reservation 05-Jan-1999
GUYANA Denunciation 05-Jan-1999 05-Apr-1999
HONDURAS Signature 19-Dec-1966
HONDURAS Ratification 07-Jun-2005 07-Sep-2005
HUNGARY Accession 07-Sep-1988 07-Dec-1988
ICELAND Accession 22-Aug-1979 22-Nov-1979
ICELAND Reservation 22-Aug-1979
IRELAND, REPUBLIC OF Accession 08-Dec-1989 08-Mar-1989
IRELAND, REPUBLIC OF Reservation 08-Dec-1989
IRELAND, REPUBLIC OF Communication 23-Aug-1999
ITALY Signature 30-Apr-1976
ITALY Ratification 15-Sep-1978 15-Dec-1978
ITALY Reservation 15-Sep-1978
ITALY Communication 17-Sep-1999
JAMAICA Signature 19-Dec-1966
JAMAICA Ratification 03-Oct-1975
JAMAICA Denunciation 23-Oct-1997 23-Jan-1998
KAZAKHSTAN Signature 25-Sep-2007
KAZAKHSTAN Ratification 30-Jun-2009 30-Sep-2009
KOREA REPUBLIC OF Accession 10-Apr-1990 10-Jul-1990
KYRGYZSTAN Accession 07-Oct-1994 07-Jan-1995
LATVIA Accession 22-Jun-1994 22-Sep-1994
LESOTHO Accession 06-Sep-2000 06-Dec-2000
LIBYA Accession 16-May-1989 16-Aug-1989
LIECHTENSTEIN Accession 10-Dec-1998 10-Mar-1999
LITHUANIA Accession 20-Nov-1991 20-Feb-1992
LUXEMBOURG Accession 18-Aug-1983 18-Nov-1983
LUXEMBOURG Declaration 18-Aug-1993
MACEDONIA THE FYR OF Succession 12-Dec-1994 12-Mar-1995
MADAGASCAR Signature 17-Sep-1969
MADAGASCAR Ratification 21-Jun-1971
MALAWI Accession 11-Jun-1996 11-Sep-1996
MALDIVES Accession 19-Sep-2006 19-Dec-2006
MALI Accession 24-Oct-2001 24-Jan-2002
MALTA Accession 13-Sep-1990 13-Dec-1990
MALTA Declaration 13-Sep-1990
MAURITIUS Accession 12-Dec-1973
MEXICO Accession 15-Mar-2002 15-Jun-2002
MOLDOVA REPUBLIC OF Signature 16-Sep-2005
MONGOLIA Accession 16-Apr-1991 16-Jul-1991
NAMIBIA Accession 28-Nov-1994 28-Feb-1995
NAURU Signature 12-Nov-2001
NEPAL Accession 14-May-1991 14-Aug-1991
NETHERLANDS THE Objection 06-Aug-1999
NETHERLANDS THE Objection 22-Oct-1999
NEW ZEALAND Accession 26-May-1989 26-Aug-1989
NICARAGUA Accession 12-Mar-1980 12-Jun-1980
NIGER Accession 07-Mar-1986 07-Jun-1986
NORWAY Signature 20-Mar-1968
NORWAY Ratification 13-Sep-1972
NORWAY Objection 06-Aug-1999
PANAMA Signature 27-Jul-1976
PANAMA Ratification 08-Mar-1977 08-Mar-1977
PARAGUAY Accession 10-Jan-1995 10-Apr-1995
PERU Signature 11-Aug-1977
PERU Ratification 03-Oct-1980 03-Jan-1981
PERU Notification 30-May-2003 01-Jan-1900
PERU Notification 30-Mar-2004 01-Jan-1900
PERU Notification 01-Jun-2012 04-Jun-2012
PHILIPPINES Signature 19-Dec-1966
PHILIPPINES Ratification 22-Aug-1989 22-Nov-1989
POLAND Declaration 31-Jan-1991
POLAND Accession 07-Nov-1991 07-Feb-1992
POLAND Reservation 07-Nov-1991
POLAND Communication 08-Aug-2000
PORTUGAL Signature 01-Aug-1978
PORTUGAL Ratification 03-May-1983 03-Aug-1973
ROMANIA Accession 20-Jul-1993 20-Oct-1993
ROMANIA Declaration 20-Jul-1993
RUSSIAN FEDERATION Accession 01-Oct-1991 01-Jan-1992
RUSSIAN FEDERATION Declaration 01-Oct-1991
SAN MARINO Accession 18-Oct-1985 18-Jan-1986
SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE Signature 06-Sep-2000
SENEGAL Signature 06-Jul-1970
SENEGAL Ratification 13-Feb-1978 13-May-1978
SEYCHELLES Accession 05-May-1992 05-Aug-1992
SIERRA LEONE Accession 23-Aug-1996 23-Nov-1996
SLOVAK REPUBLIC Succession 28-May-1993 01-Jan-1993
SLOVAKIA Succession 28-May-1993
SLOVENIA Accession 16-Jul-1993 16-Oct-1993
SLOVENIA Declaration 16-Jul-1993
SLOVENIA Reservation 16-Jul-1993
SOMALIA Accession 24-Jan-1990 24-Apr-1990
SOUTH AFRICA Accession 28-Aug-2002 28-Nov-2002
SPAIN Accession 25-Jan-1985 25-Apr-1985
SPAIN Reservation 25-Jan-1985
SPAIN Statement 25-Jan-1985
SPAIN Communication 25-Aug-1999
SPAIN Objection 01-Dec-1999
SRI LANKA Accession 03-Oct-1997 03-Jan-1998
SRI LANKA Declaration 03-Oct-1997
ST VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES Accession 09-Nov-1981 09-Feb-1982
SURINAME Accession 28-Dec-1976 28-Mar-1977
SWEDEN Signature 29-Sep-1967
SWEDEN Ratification 06-Dec-1971
SWEDEN Reservation 06-Dec-1971
SWEDEN Communication 17-Aug-1999
SWEDEN Communication 27-Apr-2000
TAJIKISTAN Accession 04-Jan-1999 04-Apr-1999
TOGO Accession 30-Mar-1988 30-Jun-1988
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO Accession 14-Nov-1980 14-Feb-1981
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO Withdrawal 24-May-1998 26-Aug-1998
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO Declaration 24-May-1998
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO Re-Accession 26-Aug-1998
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO Denunciation 27-Mar-2000 27-Jun-2000
TURKEY Signature 03-Feb-2004 01-Jan-1900
TURKMENISTAN Accession 01-May-1997 01-Aug-1997
UGANDA Accession 14-Nov-1995 14-Feb-1996
UKRAINE S S R Accession 25-Jul-1991 25-Oct-1991
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Communication 13-May-2014
URUGUAY Signature 21-Feb-1967
URUGUAY Ratification 01-Apr-1970
UZBEKISTAN Accession 28-Sep-1995 28-Dec-1995
VENEZUELA Signature 15-Nov-1976
VENEZUELA Ratification 10-May-1978 10-Aug-1978
VENEZUELA Reservation 10-May-1978
YUGOSLAVIA Signature 14-Mar-1990
YUGOSLAVIA, FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF Succession to Signature 12-Mar-2001 27-Apr-1992
YUGOSLAVIA, FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF Ratification 06-Sep-2001 06-Dec-2001
ZAIRE Accession 01-Nov-1976 01-Feb-1977
ZAMBIA Accession 10-Apr-1984 10-Jul-1984

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